One way to think about what’s next is to consider what no one is really talking about. We have heard so much about recessions, global economic collapse, the oil market, and so forth that you could be forgiven for believing the world is coming to an end.
That’s not the case, of course. At least here in the U.S., things have been getting consistently better, at an accelerating rate. But is anyone taking that seriously? Given current conditions, it’s not unreasonable to consider that an economic boom could be on the way.
Jobs situation may foreshadow boom times ahead
For the past year or so, I’ve described the job market as “not a boom, but you can see one from here.” And, indeed, with unemployment down, job growth strong, and even wage growth better than it looks (see this great paper from the San Francisco Fed), a jobs boom may be getting closer and closer.
As the job market improves, we can also start to make out a general boom on the horizon. Crazy? Maybe so, but it’s looking less so every month.
Consider the following facts:
Consumer income and spending growth are up. As wage growth starts to accelerate and saving stabilizes, spending growth will drive the economy even faster than it has. Faster spending growth will also lead to better expectations, more spending, and even faster hiring, creating a positive feedback loop.
Oil prices are rising. As the energy market normalizes, investment and hiring should move back into positive territory. We don’t need strong growth here, just an end to the bleeding—and that appears to be happening. At the same time, in another positive feedback loop, gas prices will remain low enough to keep stimulating consumer spending growth.
The dollar is stabilizing. U.S. companies have suffered from a rapidly appreciating dollar. As with oil, we don’t need the dollar to drop, just to stop appreciating—and again, we are getting precisely that.
China and Europe haven’t collapsed. Although the current central bank stimulus programs in those areas are reaching their limits, they should still have a positive effect over the next year or two, which will help both global and U.S. growth. Given the recent weakness and fear, any improvements—and we are already seeing them—will have a disproportionate effect on sentiment.
In previous post-crisis periods, we often saw multiple hits to the economy, leading to the feeling that a recovery would never come. Remember the Asian financial crisis in 1998, followed by the dot-com bust and September 11? Each hit held the recovery back and damaged sentiment even more.