Annual family gatherings or family retreats have become a recognized best practice for advisors serving successful families. At the heart of this trend is the growing recognition that sustaining wealth over generations requires collaboration and good communication among family members. This is particularly true for multigenerational and multi-branch families, as well as families that may be geographically disbursed.
Well-prepared families have learned to collaborate. This collaboration is often intended to proactively address the pitfalls of inherited wealth—family disputes, poor decision-making, unprepared heirs, feelings of entitlement and a number of other problems that erode family cohesion as well as family wealth. Much like any effective partnership, collaboration is often a function of family culture, leadership and behavior, as well as a thoughtful approach to creating opportunities for family members to exercise effective communication, decision-making and conflict resolution. Success does not depend on everyone liking one another all the time but rather on pursuing common interests. Well-designed family meetings foster these goals.
With the high stakes involved in successful families, why don’t most families hold annual or periodic family meetings? Frequently, issues of control, succession, ownership, privacy, painful interpersonal relationships and simple logistics are cited. Yet whether a family chooses to hold a single annual meeting or embraces an ongoing program of gatherings, the benefits of such meetings are numerous.
The Purpose Of A Family Meeting
In a 2003 study of 3,250 wealthy families, Williams and Preisser found that even substantial wealth had disappeared by the end of the second generation in 70 percent of families. The number rose to 90 percent by the end of the third generation and 98 percent by the end of the fourth. The causes of this erosion included some expected reasons, such as the growth of the family, but more surprisingly, the vast bulk of this erosion, well over 90 percent, could be attributed in some form to poor communication and low trust, inadequate preparation and training of the next generation, and failures of family mission and vision. Family gatherings are a key element in a family’s strategy to avoid these problems.
At its heart, the family gathering is about three things: understanding each other, learning together and collaborative decision-making. Regardless of the content or agenda of family meetings, they should result in both creating and exercising working agreements amongst family members and serve as a fundamental and strategic framework as the family evolves and responds to changing circumstances.
The first few family gatherings should focus on three foundations for long-term family success: improving and developing communications skills, family attunement and setting strategic direction. These gatherings should be facilitated by a third party, skilled and experienced in this unique process, supported by the family’s financial advisors. The facilitators role is to help plan and execute a program that best meets the needs of the family; coach the family in communicating more effectively; ensuring that the gathering’s design will manage, not quash, the concerns of all family members; and encourage collaborative and creative work on foundational agreements used to guide family interaction and decision-making.
If these elements are managed well, the gathering will be productive and even transformational.
What are the foundational agreements a family might work toward? The answer is unique to each family, but may include establishing a family vision, formalizing a family charter and mission statement, creating agreements about family communication, and identifying family values and applying them to activities such as philanthropy.
While this is serious work, these events should also be fun and energizing. A person skilled in family facilitation will know how to pace the gatherings, bring everyone into the conversation and, if necessary, manage conflict productively.
After this foundation is established, family gatherings can begin to focus on implementing the family by creating workable structures and deepening family culture. After a while, the need for the facilitator will fade.
Whom To Invite
In the first family gathering, it is usually best to include all of the adults in as many generations as possible. The initial gathering should be designed to create agreements sufficient to move forward and provide a foundation for later including older children. Because the gatherings are focused on the long-term vision for the family, spouses and long-term partners should be included. It is typically not advisable to talk about money, investments or business interests in the first few family gatherings. These topics may be reserved for family business meetings, which are less like retreats, more agenda-driven and which may include fewer family members.
Subsequent gatherings should include older children and young adults. Younger children should be brought into later gatherings, possibly through chaperoned, fun activities that would allow cousins to share memorable experiences.