Students and professors at universities aren’t the only ones wondering when schools will re-open. Bondholders and stockholders also have a vested interest in getting them back on campus.

As colleges across the country send students home and transition to online learning amid the coronavirus pandemic, managers of student housing that rely on dorm-room revenue are rushing to figure out whether or not students can terminate their leases and how to pay back bondholders financing those projects.

“When the schools will reopen again with normal occupancy schedules remains a question for bondholders,” Eric Kazatsky, senior municipals strategist at Bloomberg Intelligence, said in a recent report.

S&P Global Ratings cut its outlook for the private student housing sector to negative on Wednesday, citing expected challenges from the sudden and potentially prolonged decline in student housing occupancy and associated loss of rental revenue.

Student housing projects that are lower-rated or have “cash cushions” of less than 90 days are most at risk, Kazatsky said. Of 252 student-housing projects, 144 have cash-on-hand levels of less than a year and 32 have less than 90 days of cash available, he added. About 67% of those student-housing projects are backed by an entity not related to the university while the rest are supported by the colleges.

Some of the richest schools have already said they would refund room and board, including Harvard, Amherst and Princeton. Brown University said students will receive a credit if they return when school resumes or they will get a prorated refund if they graduate.

But for some colleges like West Chester University outside Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, issuing refunds threatens the cash flow backing debt.

“Refunding or crediting rents would have an adverse impact on (university student housing) cash flow, and savings from reduced operating expenses would not be sufficient to make up for the revenue reduction,” the Chester County Industrial Development Agency said in notice to bondholders March 16.

Companies that build and manage student housing are scrambling to figure out what do now that students have fled home. American Campus Communities Inc., the largest owner, manager and developer of student housing in the U.S., said it will temporarily waive all late fees and financial-related eviction proceedings and said it will work with residents and families who endure financial hardship on a case-by-case basis.

The company’s stock price rebounded Monday after it said it wouldn’t offer lease terminations and refunds at its private off-campus apartments as students leave colleges. It rose 5.4% to $29.84 on Thursday.

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