A battle over whether appointees of President Donald Trump should start regulating state incentives for rooftop solar panels threatens to upend clean energy in the U.S.

A New Hampshire-based group is asking the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission to oversee how utilities pay homeowners for excess solar power they feed onto the grid. The incentives, long opposed by utilities, are currently governed by individual states. If FERC takes over, the programs are in jeopardy, clean-power advocates say.

The debate marks one of the first times that the state subsides responsible for propelling rooftop solar into the mainstream are being challenged on a national level. It comes as the energy commission, which has a 3-1 Republican majority, has taken a series of aggressive steps in recent months that critics say undercut renewable energy.

“This would be a big power grab for FERC,” BloombergNEF analyst Brianna Lazerwitz said.

The group leading the effort, the New England Ratepayers Association, has refused to disclose its members or financial backers. Its advisory board includes former Vermont Republican Governor James Douglas and Michael Harrington, a New Hampshire state representative and ex-public utilities commissioner.

The organization’s argument is that the incentives, called net metering, involve wholesale power and, therefore, should fall under the purview of federal regulators. The group also contends the programs force utility customers at large to pay possibly billions of dollars annually to subsidize those with rooftop panels.

“Net metering policies are socially regressive,” said Marc Brown, the group’s president. “Owners of rooftop solar panels have incomes 150% higher than average, leading to a ‘Reverse Robin Hood’ effect.”

FERC declined to comment on a pending matter.

Fueling Growth
Net metering policies have been central to the explosive growth of rooftop solar in the past several years. They require utilities to pay customers for extra energy their panels produce -- often at a retail rate. That’s made rooftop panels far more affordable, but it also cuts into utility revenue and forces customers who don’t have panels to pay more for the grid’s upkeep. About 40 states currently have some form of net metering in place.

Opponents of the push for FERC to regulate net metering say they’re particularly concerned the petition is being rushed through while the industry grapples with the coronavirus. In May, the commission rejected a request for comments on the proposal to be extended by 90 days. Instead, the commission granted a 30-day extension. The deadline for comments is June 15, and FERC will rule at some point after.

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