The rally continued as the S&P 500 Index closed out May on the positive side. The disconnect between stocks and the economy generated widespread concern among some investors. At the same time, reopening optimism and massive stimulus overshadowed some concerns about a second wave of COVID-19 infections and increasing US-China tensions.

The Rally Continues
Stocks have continued to move higher despite concerns that the rally off the March lows has come too far, too fast and concerns about the near-term prospects for the economy and corporate profits.

Economic conditions also have been improving, although they are improving from extremely depressed levels. Several real-time economic indicators, such as map requests from Apple, TSA air travel activity, hotel occupancies, seated diners, and gasoline consumption, have shown improvement. On May 28, the US Bureau of Labor Statistics reported a drop of roughly 4 million in continuing claims for unemployment insurance, an encouraging sign workers are being hired back, although data irregularities in certain states may have overstated the improvement.

Gains also were particularly impressive in the face of fears of a US-China trade war related to Hong Kong, as well as rising regulatory risk for the social media giants that have drawn President Donald Trump’s ire. Regardless, as lockdowns are lifted and businesses reopen—and are bolstered by massive stimulus—the path of least resistance for stocks is higher for now.

Good Breadth
Market breadth refers to the unusually high percentage of companies exhibiting strong momentum. It’s important to look at similarly strong rallies in recent history to determine if the current momentum may be too strong. One way we can measure momentum is by comparing stocks to their average price over the past 50 trading days. While momentum and breadth have been really strong lately, and stocks might look ripe for a pullback, historical S&P 500 data reveals that these momentum surges have tended to be followed by solid returns. Bumps along the way typically have been short-lived, and the uptrends often have continued.

Putting numbers to this, when the number of S&P 500 constituents—the 500 stocks that comprise the S&P 500 Index—with returns above their 50-day moving averages has exceeded 90%, performance for the S&P 500 over the subsequent one, three, and six months has been above average. That was the case the week of May 25; additionally, the reading exceeded 95% of S&P 500 constituents on May 27 and May 28 for the first time since 1991. Our chart displays 17 years of data, but returns in this scenario have been above average going back four decades [Figure 1].

The recent market rally has been extremely broad, as nearly all stocks have rebounded significantly from the late-March lows. This doesn’t change our expectation that stocks are due for a pullback, but it does support our preference for stocks over bonds for the rest of 2020 and the long term.

Will Rotation Become A Trend?
One of the more interesting stock market developments during the last week of May was the rotation from the recent leaders to the recent laggards. Some of the worst performers during the pandemic-induced bear market were among that week’s top performers. For example, at the sector level, financials and industrials were strong, while small cap stocks beat large cap stocks, and value-style stocks trounced growth-style, based on the Russell 1000 and 3000 indexes. Rotations like that beg the question whether this rally will continue and, if so, for how long.

We maintain a slight positive bias toward growth-style stocks in the short term and expect value style’s run of outperformance to fizzle out fairly quickly for these reasons:

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