The U.S. Treasury market is delivering investors a loss of historic proportions to start 2018.

The Bloomberg Barclays U.S. Treasury Index is down 1.42 percent this month through Jan. 30. It’s on track for the worst start to a year since January 2009, when traders were bracing for a ramp-up in government borrowing to combat the recession. It would also be the biggest setback for any month since November 2016.

Ten-year yields have surged about 33 basis points in January, reaching 2.74 percent, the highest level since 2014. Part of the spike came as traders anticipated more supply to accommodate a growing budget deficit and the Federal Reserve’s move to shrink its balance sheet. The Treasury fulfilled those expectations Wednesday, announcing plans to boost auction sizes. A Fed decision at 2 p.m. is projected to acknowledge the economic forces driving the move in yields.

“What we’ve been witnessing is a melt-up of Treasury yields,” said Charles Ripley, investment strategist and fixed-income portfolio manager at Allianz Life Insurance Co. “It’s a supply story supported by fundamentals at home and abroad, at a time when the largest buyer is pulling back,” he said, referring to the Fed.

The U.S. central bank isn’t alone in removing accommodation. The European Central Bank has reduced its monthly asset-purchase target and hasn’t decided whether to extend buying after September.

The selloff has been driven primarily by expectations and sentiment rather than evidence of above-trend economic growth or higher inflation, said Kevin Flanagan, senior fixed-income strategist at WisdomTree Asset Management.

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“You’re still not looking at any groundbreaking, fresh news developments” on the economic front, he said.

And it remains to be seen whether the forces that have kept yields low -- buyers of the spread between Treasury and euro-zone yields and pension-fund appetite for duration -- will re-emerge as the 10-year approaches 3 percent, he said.

In the  view of Bank of America Corp., bigger deficits and increased spending by companies will drive the next phase of the selloff. For Goldman Sachs Group Inc., the impetus for higher yields will come from global growth dynamics.

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