Donald Trump risks a political backlash if he retaliates against Iran over a weekend strike on Saudi Arabian oil facilities after campaigning on promises to withdraw the U.S. from foreign wars.

Trump said in a tweet that the U.S. is “locked and loaded,” raising bipartisan alarm after the weekend attack, which halved Saudi oil production.

U.S. security officials met Monday morning. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo has blamed Iran, though Riyadh is stopping short of directly doing so. Iran denied involvement.

The prospect of a strike on Iran in retaliation for an attack that didn’t target Americans or even a country with which the U.S. has a defense treaty is proving divisive in Washington.

Saudi Arabia’s popularity is at a nadir over the prolonged war it has fought in Yemen that has killed thousands of civilians and the murder of journalist Jamal Khashoggi in the kingdom’s Istanbul consulate earlier this year. Congress voted in April to cut off military support for Saudi Arabia over the Yemen war, legislation Trump vetoed.

Senator Lindsey Graham, a South Carolina Republican, said on Monday that Trump should consider attacking Iranian oil refineries, but Senator Mitt Romney, a Utah Republican, said direct U.S. intervention would be “a grave mistake.”

Before he was president, Trump expressed skepticism of U.S. military action on behalf of Saudi Arabia. “Saudi Arabia should fight their own wars, which they won’t, or pay us an absolute fortune to protect them and their great wealth-$ trillion!” he said in a 2014 tweet. But his tweet on Sunday indicated that he’s waiting for the kingdom to tell the U.S. what it wants to do.

Trump adopted the slogan “America First” during the 2016 campaign, and vowed to withdraw from foreign wars.

Defense Secretary Mark Esper said Monday that defense officials had briefed Trump about the situation on Monday, and that Esper spoke with Saudi Crown Prince Mohammad bin Salman and Iraqi Defense Minister Najah al-Shammari over the weekend.

“The United States military, with our interagency team, is working with our partners to address this unprecedented attack and defend the international rules-based order that is being undermined by Iran,” Esper tweeted.

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