When the estate of American writer and collector Gertrude Stein came up for sale in 1968, David Rockefeller Sr. formed a syndicate of fellow Museum of Modern Art trustees to buy it.

The members, including William S. Paley, Nelson Rockefeller and John Hay Whitney, agreed to draw numbers from a felt hat to determine the selection order. Rockefeller drew the first pick.

His choice: Pablo Picasso’s “Young Girl with a Flower Basket," a tender and haunting depiction of a nude with a basket of red blossoms. Painted in 1905 during the artist’s Rose Period, it depicts a waif who was selling flowers around Montmartre at the time.

“That probably represented the most expensive single set of investments he made in art,” David Rockefeller Jr., the late philanthropist’s son, said in a phone interview.

Now the work stars in his parents’ collection going on the block starting May 8 at Christie’s. The Picasso, estimated at about $100 million, is the highest valued of more than 1,500 Rockefeller lots, which include other Impressionist masterpieces, duck decoys and the dinner service that Napoleon took to his exile in Elba.

The painting is among 45 Picasso works estimated to fetch more than $305 million at New York auctions in the next two weeks. They represent a wide variety of styles and price points. Sellers include embattled billionaire casino mogul Steve Wynn and the estate of Joan and Preston Robert Tisch.

“Picasso is collected across the globe,” said Nicholas Maclean, a co-founder of Eykyn Maclean gallery in New York and London. “For most people when they are starting out, he is the artist they look to buy."

With $212 million of Picasso works having already sold at auction this year, according to Artprice.com, 2018 is shaping up as the best ever for the Spanish master. The current annual record of $568 million was set in 2015, when his “Les Femmes d’Alger (Version O)" fetched $179.4 million, becoming what was then the auction record for any artwork. It was dethroned in November when Leonardo Da Vinci’s “Salvator Mundi” fetched $450 million.

Christie’s has 17 Picasso works, including three in the Rockefeller sale, estimated at more than $225 million. Sotheby’s will offer 28 pieces expected to fetch $80.6 million to $117.2 million.

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