A Response To Economic Conditions
Now, that does not mean the dollar always goes up. If we go back 20 years, we can see that the dollar went from roughly where it is now, then down significantly, and then back up with several significant bounces along the way.

A lot has happened over that two-decade period, including the financial crisis, the pandemic, and many smaller crises. The dollar has responded, in different ways, to the news by varying significantly in value. The headlines and the fluctuations in the dollar’s value are real. This makes sense, as the dollar (like any currency) is a financial asset. As such, its value will change in response to economic conditions. We see the same thing in stocks, bonds and other currencies, for the same reasons.

The Amazon Of Currency
If you think of currencies as stocks, you could think of the dollar as being the Amazon of the currency world. Like Amazon’s stock, sometimes it is worth more—and sometimes less. Volatility in a currency’s value does not mean the currency will collapse any more than a drop in Amazon’s share price means the company is going away.

In fact, the Amazon comparison is a good one for more than the stock price. Amazon is a dominant presence in its market, with deep market share, substantial commitments from shoppers, and an established range of services and infrastructure that makes it hard to dethrone. Walmart, another behemoth, has been trying for years—and losing ground. It is hard to shake the dominant player, and it takes a concerted attack, by a product that is at least as good, for many years. If Amazon eventually cedes its dominance, it will be years from now, and everyone will see it coming.

So, think of the dollar as Amazon, with a deep and commanding presence in its market, deep market share, substantial commitments from users, and an established array of services and infrastructure that makes it hard to unseat. In this comparison, Walmart is China, which has been working very hard to replace the leader over a period of years but with limited success. And, the comparison continues, in that if China eventually does manage to replace the dollar, it will be years from now—and we will see it coming well ahead of time.

Because of this reality, the incentive to change away from the dollar is even less. I just got a question asking if the Saudis would be switching away from the dollar for the oil markets any time soon, as that could break the dollar’s hold on the world economy. Setting aside for the moment the fact that Saudi Arabia remains dependent on the U.S. for military security (which it is very aware of), oil is a very global market, with trading around the world, and all denominated in dollars. For the Saudis to abandon the dollar would require a whole new global trading architecture. Once again, it could happen. But we would see it coming, and it would be neither cheap nor easy. Once again, Amazon benefits from inertia.

Will The Dollar Collapse?
This is the third round I have been through of “will the dollar collapse” since I have been at Commonwealth. And I’m sure there will be future rounds. The dollar will not collapse now and will very likely not collapse for the rest of my career. If it does, we will see it coming—but it is not coming now.

Brad McMillan is the chief investment officer at Commonwealth Financial Network.

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