MetLife Inc. has filed for a spinoff of a U.S. retail unit after considering alternate plans to sell the business or exit through an initial public offering.

At least 80.1 percent of the shares in the unit, Brighthouse Financial Inc., will be distributed to MetLife investors under the plan, the parent company said Wednesday in a filing. The stock is to be listed on the New York Stock Exchange under the ticker “BHF,” and the timing of the transaction will depend on variables including “regulatory considerations and economic conditions,” according to filings. MetLife said it could still opt for an IPO or sale.

MetLife Chief Executive Officer Steve Kandarian is retaining international units and operations that offer workplace benefits as he focuses on businesses with more predictable cash flow and reduces risks tied to securities markets. A spinoff of the Charlotte, North Carolina-based unit would help MetLife avoid the pitfalls of trying to price an IPO during periods of market volatility, Chief Financial Officer John Hele said Sept. 12.

“A spin can generally happen even if the IPO markets are a bit choppy,” Hele said. “Had we planned this a year ago, and were scheduled for the first quarter this year, it would have been very tough to do an IPO.”

Share Gain

MetLife jumped 4.2 percent to $47.94 at 6:26 p.m. in extended trading. The filing was released after the close of U.S. markets.

Brighthouse offers policies with death benefits and also retirement products such as variable annuities, which can provide a lifetime stream of income to customers. While low bond yields or declines in stock values pressure results, annuities can generate substantial profits when markets are favorable.

Brighthouse had about $240 billion in assets as of June 30, according to the document. The business had a net loss of $1.02 billion in the first six months of this year after posting annual net income of least $1 billion in 2013, 2014 and last year.

The unit is led by Eric Steigerwalt, who was previously interim head of MetLife’s U.S. business. The management team also includes Chief Investment Officer John Rosenthal, CFO Anant Bhalla and General Counsel Christine DeBiase.

MetLife said in a separate filing that it anticipates about $1.5 billion of “separation-related items” in the second half of this year tied to the transaction, which will reduce free cash flow. The figure includes foregone dividends, a cost tied to debt and other expenses.